Unit 10 - Personality - pages 479 - 521

Ms. Pember at Freud's apartment (and now museum) in Vienna!

APA Content Standard Area: Personality

After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. Perspectives on personality
2. Assessment of personality
3. Issues in personality
Content Standard 1: Perspectives on personality
1.1 Evaluate psychodynamic theories.
1.2 Evaluate trait theories.
1.3 Evaluate humanistic theories.
1.4 Evaluate social-cognitive theories.
Content Standard 2: Assessment of personality
2.1 Differentiate personality assessment techniques.
2.2 Discuss the reliability and validity of personality assessment techniques.
Content Standard 3: Issues in personality
3.1 Discuss biological and situational influences.
3.2 Discuss stability and change.
3.3 Discuss connections to health and work.
3.4 Discuss self-concept.
3.5 Analyze how individualistic and collectivistic cultural perspectives relate to personality.

Key Terms

Free association Psychoanalysis
Unconscious Psychosexual stages
Oedipus complex Identification
Fixation Defense mechanisms
Repression Regression
Reaction formation Projection
Collective unconscious Projective test
Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT)
Rorschach inkblot test Terror-management theory
Id Ego
Superego Self-actualization
Unconditional positive regard Self-concept
Trait Personality inventory
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
Empirically derived test Social-cognitive perspective
Reciprocal determinism Personal control
External locus of control Internal locus of control
Positive psychology Self
Spotlight effect Self-esteem
Self-serving bias Individualism

Chart comparing all of the major theories and approaches:



Freud and the Psychoanalysis Approach

Archetypes - Carl Jung
Identify a character from an animated film who fits each of the following archetypes (images or themes all humans share and understand, housed in the collective unconscious)

- The hero
- The damsel in distress
- The trickster
- The shadow
- The wise old one
- A male in touch with animus
- A female in touch with anima

Humanistic Approach

Maslow and Rogers

Carl Rogers Client Centered Therapy session

In groups: come up with experiences that contradict Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which is the basis for his theory of self-actualization. Examples to get you started:
  • can students learn when they are hungry?
  • why do people go on hunger strikes to protest a cause they believe in?
  • why are there such things as 'starving artists?"

The Trait Approach

Stable and enduring patterns

Traits of US Presidents

Self-monitoring scale

Shyness scale

Big 5 Inventory

personality traits in the workforce

Online Personality Tests

16 Personalities Test

Other Personality Tests
Myers-Briggs Test
Keirsey Personality Sorter Quiz
Eysenck Minitest
The Big Five Personality Test
Personality Types of Harry Potter Characters!


Defense Mechanisms - as seen in Frat Pack movies

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