Unit IIIB - The Brain - pages 66-93

external image brain.gif

APA Content Standards Area: Biological Bases of Behavior

After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. Structure and function of the nervous system in human and non-human animals
2. Structure and function of the endocrine system
3. The interaction between biological factors and experience
4. Methods and issues related to biological advances
Content Standard 1: Structure and function of the nervous system in human and non-human animals
1.1 Identify the major divisions and subdivisions of the human nervous system.
1.2 Identify the parts of the neuron and describe the basic process of neural transmission.
1.3 Differentiate between the structures and functions of the various parts of the central nervous system.
1.4 Describe lateralization of brain functions.
1.5 Discuss the mechanisms of, and the importance of, plasticity of the nervous system.
Content Standard 2: Structure and function of the endocrine system
2.1 Describe how the endocrine glands are linked to the nervous system.
2.2 Describe the effects of hormones on behavior and mental processes.
2.3 Describe hormone effects on the immune system.
Content Standard 3: The interaction between biological factors and experience 

3.1 Describe concepts in genetic transmission.
3.2 Describe the interactive effects of heredity and environment.
3.3 Explain how evolved tendencies influence behavior.
Content Standard 4: Methods and issues related to biological advances 

4.1 Identify tools used to study the nervous system.
4.2 Describe advances made in neuroscience.
4.3 Discuss issues related to scientific advances in neuroscience and genetics.

Key Terms

reticular formation
limbic system
cerebral cortex
glial cells
frontal lobes
parietal lobes
occipital lobes
temporal lobes
motor complex
association areas
Broca's area
Wernicke's area
corpus callosum
split brain
cognitive neuroscience
dual processing

A Second Opinion on Developmental Disorders
using brainscans


Severed Corpus Callosum - Split Brain Patient

Mr. Split Brain!

Mapping the Brain!
Very cool site from PBS - you can pick which type of brain scan to view, which angle of the brain, and which structures to focus on!

Girl living with half a brain

Interactive Brain Map

3d Brain App - iPhone
3d Brain App - Android

You've got four lobes

Brain Structures Mnemonics

PsychMnemonics Wikipage - Brain
How To Memorize the Parts of the Brain video
The Amygdala: “My God, I’m angry!” The center of the word ‘amygdala’ looks enough like “My God” to cue you here on its function in terms of anger and fear.
Broca’s Area: ‘Boca’ means ‘mouth’ in Spanish, and Broca’s Area is largely responsible for expressive language. You might also simply picture a broken mouth to help you with the basic function.
Wernicke’s Area: ‘Broca’ comes before ‘Wernicke’ alphabetically, and ‘expression’ comes before ‘understanding’ alphabetically.
The Cerebellum: Imagine that a cereal bell rings, so you move to the breakfast table and then move the Froot Loops to your mouth.
The Hippocampus: Picture a confused hippo wandering acroos the college campus, unable to recall where his class is. A major task of the hippocampus is to help in forming new memories.
The Hypothalamus: Imagine someone with an exaggerated potbelly because they’ve eaten too much. One of the major jobs of the hypothalamus is to work in concert with the endocrine system to regulate appetite.
  • The Lateral Hypothalamus: “L is for lunch!” The lateral hypothalamus is often though of as the hunger center of the brain.
  • The Ventromedial Hypothalamus: “V for ventromedial, V for vomit!” The ventromedial hypothalamus is often referred to as the satiety center.
The Medulla: Picture a winner of a race, heart pounding, breathing really hard, blinking sweat out of her eyes, as they put a medal around her neck.
The Thalamus: Picture a relay race, but the runners are passing a thermos instead of a baton. The word ‘thermos’ resembles the word ‘thalamus’ so this might help you recall that the thalamus is the relay station for sensory information, except for smell.

Pituitary Gland: Picture a pit where all the glands have been thrown. A child is growing bigger and bigger while climbing out of the pit stepping on the glands as he goes. The pituitary is the master gland, but also that it is involved with growth.
Pancreas: Picture a pan full of sugar that’s on fire. The pancreas secretes insulin, which burns the body’s glucose.

The Mysterious Workings of the Adolescent Brain
TED Talk, September 2012 with Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
Why do teenagers seem so much more impulsive, so much less self-aware than grown-ups? Cognitive neuroscientist Sarah-Jayne Blakemore compares the prefrontal cortex in adolescents to that of adults, to show us how typically “teenage” behavior is caused by the growing and developing brain. Sarah-Jayne Blakemore studies the social brain -- the network of brain regions involved in understanding other people -- and how it develops in adolescents

"Inside Your Teenager's Scary Brain"
January 2015

Inside the Teenage Brain
Video link to the Frontline episode

Discussion points for review after the film:

Brain Discovery Websites

Day 1
Do Now: T/F statements unit 3B
- Brain hemisphere demo
- Dominant hemisphere survey
- Brain scan techniques
-Split brain patients - video
HW: 66-76

Day 2
Do Now: Lit activities in your daily life that don't involve use of your brain
- Structure, function, location of brain parts (green spiral teacher binder)
-Parts of the brain - notes
- Brain mnemonics - notes
- Case study handout
HW: 77-86

Day 3
Do Now: Moral dilemma
- Driving: using parts of the brain handout
- Neuroscience and moral judgement (teacher's resource binder)
HW: Finish unit 3B notes, superhero/villain assignment

Day 4
Do Now:
-PsychSim labs
-Zombie Brain Ads assignment
HW: Quiz on Unit 3B, project