Social Psychology - pages 643-695

external image conformity.jpg

APA Content Standard Area: Social Interactions

After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. Social cognition
2. Social influence
3. Social relations
Content Standard 1: Social cognition
1.1 Describe attributional explanations of behavior.
1.2 Describe the relationship between attitudes (implicit and explicit) and behavior.
1.3 Identify persuasive methods used to change attitudes.
Content Standard 2: Social influence
2.1 Describe the power of the situation.
2.2 Describe effects of others’ presence on individuals’ behavior.
2.3 Describe how group dynamics influence behavior.
2.4 Discuss how an individual influences group behavior.
Content Standard 3: Social relations
3.1 Discuss the nature and effects of stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination.
3.2 Describe determinants of prosocial behavior.
3.3 Discuss influences upon aggression and conflict.
3.4 Discuss factors influencing attraction and relationships.
APA Content Standard Area: Sociocultural Diversity
After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. Social and cultural diversity
2. Diversity among individuals
Content Standard 1: Social and cultural diversity
1.1 Define culture and diversity.
1.2 Identify how cultures change over time and vary within nations as well as internationally.
1.3 Discuss the relationship between culture and conceptions of self and identity.
1.4 Discuss psychological research examining race and ethnicity.
1.5 Discuss psychological research examining socioeconomic status.
1.6 Discuss how privilege and social power structures relate to stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
Content Standard 2: Diversity among individuals
2.1 Discuss psychological research examining gender identity.
2.2 Discuss psychological research examining diversity in sexual orientation.
2.3 Compare and contrast gender identity and sexual orientation.
2.4 Discuss psychological research examining gender similarities and differences and the impact of gender discrimination.
2.5 Discuss the psychological research on gender and how the roles of women and men in societies are perceived.
2.6 Examine how perspectives affect stereotypes and treatment of minority and majority groups in society.
2.7 Discuss psychological research examining differences in individual cognitive and physical abilities

Key Terms

Conformity Normative social influence
Informational social influence Social facilitation
Social loafing Deindividuation
Group polarization Groupthink
Culture Norm
Personal space Prejudice
Stereotype Discrimination
Ingroup Outgroup
Ingroup bias Scapegoat theory
Other-race effect Just-world phenomenon
Aggression Frustration-aggression principle
Mere-exposure effect Passionate love
Companionate love Equity
Self-disclosure Altruism
Bystander effect Social exchange theory
Reciprocity norm Social-responsibility norm
Conflict Social trap
Mirror-image perceptions Self-fulfilling prophecy
Superordinate goals GRIT

Social Thinking

This clip explains Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment. Students volunteered to participate as either prisoners or prison guards. The prisoner participants were arrested from their homes and were kept in small cells for 24-hour periods. The guards worked 8-hour shifts. Although students entered the experiment in good physical and mental health, prisoners became ill and zombie-like while guards became demanding and demeaning. Why didn’t any of the volunteers bow out of the experiment?

The Stanford Prison Experiment
Stanford Prison Experiment

Social Influence

Milgram's Obedience Experiment

Jane Elliott - A Class Divided - Brown Eye/Blue Eye experiment

Asch Conformity Experiment

The Asch conformity experiments were a series of studies published in the 1950s that demonstrated the power of conformity in groups. These are also known as the "Asch Paradigm". The volunteer is surrounded by actors who choose the wrong line length in a visual perception test. Why does the volunteer conform to the group?

Social Relations

Altruism on Friends:

Philip Zimbardo shows how people become monsters ... or heroes

Responsibility of Strangers

In this ABC news clip editors from “What Would You Do?” conduct a social experiment about the attribution theory. In the first part of the experiment Havala, an actor, sits on the beach, sets up an iPod radio, and then leaves. While she is away, a man (part of the experiment) comes by and steals her iPod radio. Neighboring people on the beach say and do nothing. In the second experiment, Havala chats with the people next to her. The man steals the radio again and one of the people she spoke with followed the culprit. In the third experiment, Havala acts obnoxiously but still receives help when the man steals her radio. In a second set of experiments, they use Shea who is an attractive and well-dressed woman. How do her neighbors react when the culprit takes her radio the first time? How does Carrie Keating explain their actions?

Groupthink example
From the movie "Outbreak"

Altruism on Friends - no such thing as a selfless good deed