Unit IV - Sensation and Perception - pages 115-173


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APA Content Standard: Sensation and Perception
After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. The processes of sensation and perception
2. The capabilities and limitations of sensory processes
3. Interaction of the person and the environment in determining perception
Content Standard 1: The processes of sensation and perception
1.1 Discuss processes of sensation and perception and how they interact.
1.2 Explain the concepts of threshold and adaptation.
Content Standard 2: The capabilities and limitations of sensory processes
2.1 List forms of physical energy for which humans and non-human animals do and do not have sensory receptors.
2.2 Describe the visual sensory system.
2.3 Describe the auditory sensory system.
2.4 Describe other sensory systems, such as olfaction, gustation, and somesthesis (e.g., skin senses, kinesthesis, and vestibular sense).
Content Standard 3: Interaction of the person and the environment in determining perception
3.1 Explain Gestalt principles of perception.
3.2 Describe binocular and monocular depth cues.
3.3 Describe the importance of perceptual consistencies.
3.4 Describe perceptual illusions.
3.5 Describe the nature of attention.
3.6 Explain how experiences and expectations influence perception.



Key Terms

Sensation Perception
Bottom-up processing Top-down processing
Selective Attention Inattentional blindness
Change blindness Psychophysics
Absolute threshold Signal detection theory
Subliminal Priming
Difference threshold Webster’s law
Sensory Adaptation transduction
Retina wavelength
Accommodation hue
Rods and cones intensity
Pupil optic nerve
Iris blind spot
Lens fovea
Feature detectors parallel processing
Trichromatic theory opponent process theory
Audition cochlea
Frequency inner ear, middle ear
Pitch place theory
Frequency theory conduction hearing loss
Sensorineural hearing loss cochlear implant
Kinethesis vestibular sense
Gate-control theory sensory interaction
Gestalt figure-ground
Grouping depth perception
Visual cliff binocular cues
Retinal disparity monocular cues
Phi phenomenon perceptual constancy
Color constancy perceptual adaptation
Perceptual set extrasensory perception (ESP)
Parapsychology












Backwards songs

Top Down Processing

Aoccdrnig to rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn’t mttaer in what order the ltteers in a word are, the only iprmoetnt thing is that the frist and lsat ltteer be at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a total mses and you can still raed it wouthit a porbelm. This is bcuseae the human mind deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the word as a wlohe.



Thresholds


Fantastic Voyage Trailer



29 Year Old Deaf Woman hears her own voice for the first time!



Boy who lost his eyes to cancer when he was young uses echolocation to see the world around him




Selective Attention Test



The Monkey Business Illusion







PsychSim 5 Activities


PsychSim 5e

  • Go to "Auditory System"


  • Go to "Visual Illusions"




  • Go to "Colorful World"




And if there is time, a preview of the next unit, Unit 5: States of Consciousness
  • Go to "Your Mind on Drugs"



Sensation Lab

go to Sensation Lab





ESP??


Psychic Card trick




Project




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Stare at the red dot on this woman's nose for thirty seconds. Then, look over at a blank white space (a piece of paper or an empty browser tab will do). Did you see the "correct" version of the image? Here's how it works: stare long enough at an object and the eye's photoreceptors (particularly the color-sensitive cone cells) lose sensitivity from overstimulation. Divert the eyes to a blank space, and the surrounding cone cells send out a much stronger signal. The brain interprets this discrepancy as looking at the precise opposite colors, in what is known as a 'negative afterimage.' Nifty, no?



Day 1
Do Now: Unit 4 T/F statements
- Define sensation and perception, handout 4-2
-Top-Down and Bottom Up processing
-How sensitive are you? survey
HW: 140-148

Day 2
Do Now: Practice multiple choice questions
- Selective attention - videos
- Absolute threshold demo
-Eye/ear parts diagrams
- Fantastic voyage - write your own
HW: 148-156, voyage

Day 3
Do Now: p. 140 ask yourself question
- Deaf culture: video, debrief
- Blind boy video
- Touch: toothpick demo
-Balance demo
HW: 156-164

Day 4
Do Now: prep for quiz, quiz on sensation
- Perception notes, optical illusions
- Perception packet - examples
HW: 164-173

Day 5
Do Now:
-ESP demo
-PsychSIm labs
HW: finish unit 4 notes

Day 6
Do Now: practice questions
- Practice FRQ
-Categorize key terms - review
HW: Sensation and perception in our daily life project

Unit 4 test