Unit V - States of Consciousness - pages 175-210

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APA Content Standard Area: Consciousness

After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. The relationship between conscious and unconscious processes
2. Characteristics of sleep and theories that explain why we sleep and dream
3. Categories of psychoactive drugs and their effects
4. Other states of consciousness
Content Standard 1: The relationship between conscious and unconscious processes
1.1 Identify states of consciousness.
1.2 Distinguish between processing which is conscious (i.e., explicit) and other processing which happens without conscious awareness (i.e., implicit).
Content Standard 2: Characteristics of sleep; theories that explain sleep and dreams
2.1 Describe the circadian rhythm and its relation to sleep.
2.2 Describe the sleep cycle.
2.3 Compare theories about the functions of sleep.
2.4 Describe types of sleep disorders.
2.5 Compare theories about the functions of dreams.
Content Standard 3: Categories of psychoactive drugs and their effects 

3.1 Characterize the major categories of psychoactive drugs and their effects.
3.2 Describe how psychoactive drugs act at the synaptic level.
3.3 Evaluate the biological and psychological effects of psychoactive drugs.
3.4 Explain how culture and expectations influence the use and experience of drugs.
Content Standard 4: Other states of consciousness 

4.1 Describe meditation and relaxation and their effects.
4.2 Describe hypnosis and controversies surrounding its nature and use.
4.3 Describe flow states.

Key Terms

Consciousness circadian rhythm
REM sleep alpha waves
Sleep hallucinations
Delta waves NREM sleep
Insomnia narcolepsy
Sleep apnea night terrors
Dreams manifest content
Latent content REM rebound
Hypnosis posthypnotic suggestion
Dissociation psychoactive drugs
Tolerance withdrawal
Physical dependence psychological dependence
Addiction depressants
Barbiturates opiates
Stimulants amphetamines
Methamphetamines Ecstasy
Hallucinogens LSD THC near=death experiences

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practice MC questions

Open-notes FRQ


Sleep and Dreams

From the College Board’s Course Description
V. States of Consciousness (2–4%)
Understanding consciousness and what it encompasses is critical to an appreciation of what is meant by a given state of consciousness. The study of variations in
consciousness includes an examination of the sleep cycle, dreams, hypnosis, and the
effects of psychoactive drugs.
AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:
• Describe various states of consciousness and their impact on behavior.
• Discuss aspects of sleep and dreaming:
— stages and characteristics of the sleep cycle;
— theories of sleep and dreaming;
— symptoms and treatments of sleep disorders

Online Dream Interpretations

What would happen if you stopped sleeping?

Skeeter the Narcoleptic Poodle

Fatal Familia Insomnia

Help with Insomnia

REM sleep on memory

Dream Analysis Paper
- Keep daily journal of your dreams for one week

What are Dreams? Nova 2014

Do we really need to sleep 7 hours a night?
New York Times October 2015

Hypnosis and Meditation

Hypnosis used as anesthesia

Mythbusters Episode on Hypnosis

Hypnosis – Can You Be Hypnotized?

Drugs - Altering Consciousness

This clip is the late 1990s follow-up to the classic “brain on drugs” campaign. The original campaign is expanded upon by Rachel Leigh Cook demolishing the kitchen with the frying pan. Her tirade continues the analogy of the effects drugs have on one’s family, friends, money, and job. What do you think of the persuasiveness of these commercials? Why did this campaign spawn so many spoofs and parodies in popular culture?


Heroin Addicts Speak

In this National Geographic clip, a cameraman follows around heroin addicts from Oslo and the American Midwest. Joaquim and Trina sell magazines in Oslo in order to score their next fix of Afgan heroin. Included is footage of Joaquim injecting his girlfriend. Faces of addiction from the American Midwest soon follow. Why is heroin called a “dirty, back alley drug?” One speaker from the Midwest group says that he never met a recreational user of heroin. Why is this so?

Discovery - Life on drugs narrated by Robin Williams

Mouse Brains on Drugs

Drugs of Abuse animations

Faces of Meth

12 Gifs that show the power of addiction - BuzzFeed

Near Death Experiences

external image NzdlOGY1YjhmNDcxYiZvZj*w.gifHow can you educate others about the negative effects of drugs? How can you prevent other students from taking drugs? You will create a poster that will be shown to my freshmen classes, helping them make healthy, safe decisions.

Mr. Hurley's Class Project 2012
Purple Shirt Society