Unit VI - Learning - pages 215-253


What did the sign on Pavlov's lab door say?

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Please knock. DON'T ring the bell.


APA Content Standard: Learning

After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. Classical conditioning
2. Operant conditioning
3. Observational and cognitive learning
Content Standards With Performance Standards
Content Standard 1: Classical conditioning
1.1 Describe the principles of classical conditioning.
1.2 Describe clinical and experimental examples of classical conditioning.
1.3 Apply classical conditioning to everyday life.
Content Standard 2: Operant conditioning
2.1 Describe the Law of Effect.
2.2 Describe the principles of operant conditioning.
2.3 Describe clinical and experimental examples of operant conditioning.
2.4 Apply operant conditioning to everyday life.
Content Standard 3: Observational and cognitive learning
3.1 Describe the principles of observational and cognitive learning.
3.2 Apply observational and cognitive learning to everyday life.

Key Terms

Classical conditioning Behavioralism
Unconditioned response Unconditioned stimulus
conditioned response (CR) conditioned stimulus (CS)
acquisition higher-order conditioning
extinction spontaneous recovery
generalization discrimination
learned helplessness Respondent behavior
operant behavior law of effect
operant chamber shaping
discriminative stimulus reinforcer
positive reinforcement negative reinforcement
primary reinforcer conditioned reinforcer
continuous reinforcement partial (intermittent) reinforcement
fixed-ratio schedule variable-ratio schedule
fixed-interval schedule variable-interval schedule
punishment Cognitive map
Latent learning Insight
Intrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation
Biofeedback
- Classical
- Operant and Observational







Classical Conditioning


Classical Conditioning




Using classical conditioning to overcome your childhood fear:



The Office - Classical Conditioning








The Big Bang Theory clip











Operant Conditioning

Operant Conditioning


Maze Learning





Scenarios - classical vs operant conditioning



Reinforcement vs Punishment - the most commonly confused concepts in AP Psych!!!





Learning by Observation








Famous Learning Experiments in Psychology




Pavlov’s Dogs Get Conditioned

This video, part of the Introductory Psychology Video Tool Kit (BBC Motion Gallery), is a recreation of Pavlov’s laboratory experiments on the salivation reflex. It shows the discovery of the conditioned reflex in dogs and summarizes Pavlov's paradigm to study dogs' salivation reflex. Pavlov uses a variety of stimuli in his study of animal learning. Why did Pavlov vary the stimuli used to elicit the conditioned reflex in dogs?



Bobo Doll Experiment: A Study in Aggression and Observed Behavior- Albert Bandura




Baby Albert Experiments by John Watson, father of Behavioralism




Mind Maps of Learning Principles







Critical Thinking Homework - pick one of the following prompts to answer in a well thought out response:


1). Discuss the use of punishment as a parenting technique. What are its advantages? Its disadvantages? Under what circumstances is it appropriate? Inappropriate? Are there effective alternatives? What general principles can be developed to govern the use of punishment?

OR

2). Research the statement: Children learn to be more violent from watching television violence. Gather evidence, analyze its weight and relevance, and defend your opinion.


Review









Extra Credit Options

- Create a mnemonic for at least three concepts in this unit
- Create a humorous "Top Ten List" illustrating at least three concepts from Unit 6. Example: Top Ten reasons no one wants to have dinner with Pavlov
- Create 5 funny "Warning Labels" from an expert in classical or operant conditioning, or social learning.
- Create a funny cookbook, diary, or travel itinerary entry from any of the famous psychologists in Unit 6. Illustarte your understanding of at least three concepts from this unit in your writing.
-PsychSims: As many as you want. Classical, Operant, Maze Learning: