Unit 8A - Motivation - pages 327-365

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APA Content Standard: Motivation

After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. Perspectives on motivation
2. Domains of motivated behavior in humans and non-human animals
Content Standard 1: Perspectives on motivation
1.1 Explain biologically based theories of motivation.
1.2 Explain cognitively based theories of motivation.
1.3 Explain humanistic theories of motivation.
1.4 Explain the role of culture in human motivation.
Content Standard 2: Domains of motivated behavior in humans and non-human animals
2.1 Discuss eating behavior.
2.2 Discuss sexual behavior and orientation.
2.3 Discuss achievement motivation.
2.4 Discuss other ways in which humans and non-human animals are motivated.
APA Content Standard Area: Emotion
After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. Perspectives on emotion
2. Emotional interpretation and expression
3. Domains of emotional behavior
Content Standard 1: Perspectives on emotion
1.1 Explain the biological and cognitive components of emotion.
1.2 Discuss psychological research on basic human emotions.
1.3 Differentiate among theories of emotional experience.
Content Standard 2: Emotional interpretation and expression 

2.1 Explain how biological factors influence emotional interpretation and expression.
2.2 Explain how culture and gender influence emotional interpretation and expression.
2.3 Explain how other environmental factors influence emotional interpretation and expression.
Content Standard 3: Domains of emotional behavior
3.1 Identify biological and environmental influences on the expression and experience of negative emotions, such as fear.
3.2 Identify biological and environmental influences on the expression and experience of positive emotions, such as happiness.
APA Content Standard Area: Health
After concluding this unit, students understand:
1. Stress and coping
2. Behaviors and attitudes that promote health
Content Standard 1: Stress and coping
1.1 Define stress as a psychophysiological reaction.
1.2 Identify and explain potential sources of stress.
1.3 Explain physiological and psychological consequences for health.
1.4 Identify and explain physiological, cognitive, and behavioral strategies to deal with stress.
Content Standard 2: Behaviors and attitudes that promote health
2.1 Identify ways to promote mental health and physical fitness.
2.2 Describe the characteristics of and factors that promote resilience and optimism.
2.3 Distinguish between effective and ineffective means of dealing with stressors and other health issues.
Content Standard 2: Emotional interpretation and expression
2.1 Explain how biological factors influence emotional interpretation and expression.
2.2 Explain how culture and gender influence emotional interpretation and expression.
2.3 Explain how other environmental factors influence emotional interpretation and expression.
Content Standard 3: Domains of emotional behavior
3.1 Identify biological and environmental influences on the expression and experience of negative emotions, such as fear.
3.2 Identify biological and environmental influences on the expression and experience of positive emotions, such as happiness.

Key Terms

Instinct Drive-reduction theory
Homeostasis Incentive
Hierarchy of needs Glucose
Set point Basal metabolic rate
Anorexia nervosa Bulimia nervosa
Binge-eating disorder Sexual response cycle
Refractory period Estrogens
Testosterone Sexual orientation









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Would You Eat This?

The National Geographic Channel visits a special fundraising event, the 103rd Explorers Club Dinner. Dishes are planned by a biologist, the club’s exotic food chairman. Diners are served foods rarely eaten in the West, including insects and animal organs. Footage of the more memorable dishes is included. Would you attend the Explorers Club Dinner? Why or why not? Why would some attendees have difficulties eating some of the dishes? Might there be a type of motivation besides hunger that would prompt someone to eat these dishes?




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